Key indicators

Domains Indicators Values  Years Sources
1. Population and employment Total population                                    49,861,000 2015 NBS
Demographic growth                            2.70 2012 NBS
Total population 2015  49,861,000 2015 NBS
Ratio rural population %                           75.21 2014 UNDP
Country area (km2) 886,000 2012 NBS
Population density (hab. / km2) 51 2012 NBS
Life expectancy      61 2012 NBS
Fertility rate (2010-2015) 5.40 2010 NBS
Total dependency ratio      
Maternal mortality ratio (per 100.000 live biths) 454 2010 NBS
Rate of reduction of rural population       
Population economically active in agriculture  31,013,000.03 2015 NBS
2. Economy and Public Expenditure GDP per capita (current US dollar) 966.5 2015 NBS
GDP (current US dollar)  45,766,392,197 2015 NBS
GDP (constant 2007 US dollar)  22,212,779,559
2015 NBS
GDP  per capita growth (%) 10.9
2015 NBS
Agriculture, value added (% of GDP) 29.0
2015 NBS
Goods import (% of GDP) 26.3
2015 NBS
Goods export (% of GDP) 21.6
2015 NBS
General government final consumption expenditure
(% of GDP)
74
2015 NBS
Household final consumption expenditure (% of GDP) 61
2015 NBS
FBCF. Gross fixed capital formation  34.5
2015 NBS
Debt (% of GDP) - Total central government debt  40.9 2015
 
Agriculture, value added (% GDP)   29.0
2015 NBS
3. Agriculture and  rural development a.    Key figures      
Agricultural area (ha) sq.km 373,000 2011 WB
Supply Utilization Account (SUA)                       
Agricultural area / Country area 42.10 2011 WB
Agricultural merchandise imports
 (% of merchandise exports)
0.81 2012 WB
Agricultural merchandise exports
 (% of merchandise exports)
8.58 2012 WB
b.    Agricultural holdings and employment      
Number of holdings (RGA)       
Agricultural area / Number of holdings (RGA)       
Agriculture value added / Number of holdings      
SAU / Number of holding ( taken by women )       
c.    Resources       
Irrigated agricultural area/ Agricultural area(1000Ha)  461,326 2015
MAFSC
Permanent crops / Agricultural area      
Temporary crops / Agricultural area      
d.    Five major crops       
Area (ha)      
1. Maize 3,787,751 2015 MAFSC
2. Cassava 1094900 2015 MAFSC
3. Sorghum 851,478 2014 MAFSC
4. Millet 334,575 2013 MAFSC
5. Rice, paddy 1,154,467 2015 MAFSC
Production (ton)      
1. Maize 5,902,776 2015 MAFSC
2. Cassava 5,886,440 2015 MAFSC
3. Sorghum 883,195 2014 MAFSC
4. Millet 322,731 2013 MAFSC
5. Rice, paddy 2,979,860 2015 MAFSC
Yield (kg/ha)      
1. Maize 1,560 2015 MAFSC
2. Cassava 6240 2014 MAFSC
3. Sorghum 1037 2014 MAFSC
4. Millet 964.59 2013 MAFSC
5. Rice, paddy 2580 2015 MAFSC
e.    Five Main processed agricultural products 
    
(Tons)
     
1. Oil groundnut 11,265 2012 FAO
2. Cotton lint 99,000 2012 FAO
3. Sugar raw centrifugal 330,000 2012 FAO
4. Oil maize 22,500 2012 FAO
5. Oil palm 8,650 2012 FAO
f.     Livestock, live animals      
Number of livestock (cattle, goats, sheep, pig, camel,..)
equivalent simplified big livestock unit- UGB
     
Ratio number of livestock per capita equivalent
 simplified big livestock unit - UGB
     
Number of Cattles 25,800,000 2014 MLDF
Number of sheeps  8,700,000 2014 MLDF
Number of Goats 16,700,000 2014 MLDF
Number of pigs 2,400,000 2014 MLDF
Number of camels       
g.    Livestock – production      
Laying hens (1000 heads)       
Chickens chair (in 1000 heads) 60,000,000 2013 MLDF
Cattle (number) 24,531,673 2013 MLDF
Dairy cows (number)      
Sheep (number) 7,656,250 2013 MLDF
Goats (number) 16,010,526 2013 MLDF
Pork, (number) 2,099,346 2013 MLDF
Milk (Ton) 1,921,640 2013 MLDF
Eggs (number) 3,725,200,000 2013 MLDF
h.       Foreign Trade of goods and agricultural
 products
     
Foreign Trade of goods       
Merchandise export (current of US
milliard de dollars)
5,500,000,000 2012 WB
Merchandise imports (current of US
milliard de dollars)
11,114,009,134 2012 WB
Balance of merchandise trade  (current of US
 milliard de dollars)
-5,614,009,134 2012 WB
Foreign Trade of agricultural products       
Exports of merchandise goods (current of US
milliard de dollars)
4,734,960,000 2011 FAO
Imports of merchandise goods (current of US
milliard de dollars)
10,799,400,000 2011 FAO
Balance of merchandise goods (current of US
milliard de dollars)
-6,064,440,000 2011 FAO
4. Forestry forestry area - 2010 (Ha) 32,621,200 2012 FAO
forestry area - 2010/ area of ​​the country emerged       
5. Fishery a.      Capture  and production (Inlands water)      
Freshwater fishes      
Diadromous fishes      
Marine fishes (Inlands water)      
Total inland  water fishes      
b.      Capture and  production (Marine areas)      
Crustaceans      
Diadromous fishes      
Marine fishes      
Miscellaneous aqua animal products      
Molluscs      
Total marine areas fishes      
c.        Export  fishing products      
Fresh or frozen fish (SH 301-304)       
Dried or salted fish, smoked (SH 305)       
Shellfish (SH 306-308)       
Preparation of fish (HS 1604)       
Preparation crustaceans or molluscs (HS 1605)      
d.        Import fishing products      
Fresh or frozen fish (SH 301-304)       
Dried or salted fish, smoked (SH 305)       
Shellfish (SH 306-308)       
Preparation of fish (HS 1604)       
Preparation crustaceans or molluscs (HS 1605)      
6. Alimentation (FBS,  food security  and poverty…)  a.      Food  - availability       
Calories available per person per day (FBS) 2,167 2011 FAO
Average Dietary Energy Requirement (ADER)      
% intakes of plant products (FBS)      
% calories from imports  (FBS)      
cereal (Kg / capita  / year) 103 2011 FAO
meat (Kg /capita /year) 8.9 2011 FAO
fish   (Kg / capita  /year) 6 2011 FAO
Share of the top Ten commodities availability for
consumption (Country profile)
     
Food group shares in total food supply [%]         
b.     Food security       
Prevalence of undernourishment (%)  34.6 2014 FAO
Prevalence of food inadequacy (%) 42.3 2014 FAO
Global Food Security Index (GFSI)
http://foodsecurityindex.eiu.com/Country
29.9 2014 EIU
c.      Poverty      
Population below PPP $1.25 a day 67.9 2007 WB
7. Price  a.    Indexes of international market prices         
    
( IMF , 2005=100)  
     
 Food      
·         Cereals 218,3 2013 IMF
·         Meat 136,8 2013 IMF
·         Seafood 160,1 2013 IMF
·         Sugar 148 2013 IMF
 Beverage      
·         Coffee 147,4 2013 IMF
·         Cocoa Beans 157,9 2013 IMF
·         Tea 122,9 2013 IMF
 Agricultural raw materials      
·         Timber 107,3 2013 IMF
·         Cotton 163,9 2013 IMF
·         Wool 196,3 2013 IMF
·         Rubber 186,9 2013 IMF
·         Hides 144,3 2013 IMF
 Index of international market prices – Food group 177,6 2013 IMF
b.      Indexes of national market prices 
(IMF , 2005=100)  
     
 Food      
·         Cereals      
·         Meat      
·         Seafood      
·         Sugar      
 Beverage      
·         Coffee      
·         Cocoa Beans      
·         Tea      
 Agricultural raw materials      
·         Timber      
·         Cotton      
·         Wool      
·         Rubber      
·         Hides      
 Index of international market prices – Food group      
c.      National indexes prices       
Inflation, consumer prices (annual %)  5.6 2015 NBS
Variation in producer prices        
Variation of index of consumer prices (food)  8.6  2015 NBS
Share of food in the basket of the index        
8. Environment a.      Emission de Gas        
Carbon dioxide emissions 6846.289 2010 WB
Carbon dioxide emissions per capita 0.152 2010 WB
Carbon dioxide emissions average annual per
capita growth
     
Greenhouse gas emissions per capita      
? Share of gas emissions of greenhouse of agriculture       
b.      Resource use      
Energy use per capita (kt of oil equivalent)      
Fertilizers (Nitrogen + Phosphate) per 1000 ha        
Phosphate / Fertilizers (en %)      
Pesticides (T /  1000 ha)      
c.       Outline of land use (GLS share)      
Artificial Surfaces       
Cropland       
Grassland       
Tree Covered Area       
Shrubs Covered Area       
Herbaceous vegetation, aquatic or regularly flooded       
Mangroves       
Sparse vegetation      
Bare Soil       
Snow and glaciers       
Water bodies       
9. Social   (IDH, education, health, gender,  rurality……..) a.      HDI      
Human Development Index (HDI) 0.476 2012 UNDP
b.     Education      
Population with at least secondary education (%) 15 2007 NBS
Under-five mortality rate (per 1000) 81 2012 NBS
Adult literacy rate 67.8 2008-2012 UNICEF
Primary school dropout rate      
c.      Health      
Prevalence of HIV, total (% of population 15 - 49) 5.1 2012 NBS
Health expenditure per capita ($ US courant) 41.33 2012 WB
Heath expenditure  (% du GDP) 6.99 2010 WB
d.    Gender        
 Women seats in national parliament (%) 36 2012 WB
Prevalence of HIV, women (% women aged 15 - 24 ) 2.67 2012 NBS
e.      Access to technology      
Number of mobile phones per 1000 inhabitants  546 2012 NBS
Internet users per 100 inhabitants  13.1 2012 UNICEF


LEGENDE
NBS              National Bureau of Statistics
MAFC         Ministry of Agriculture, Food Security and Cooperatives
MLFD          Ministry of Livestock  and Fisheries Development
WB               World Bank
IMF              International Monetary Fund
UNICEF      United Nations Children's Fund
FAO             Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations 
EIU               Economist Inteligence Unit
UNDP          United Nations Development Programme



Details

United Republic of Tanzania


LAND (1000 ha)

35500

Agricultural

59230

Non-Agricultural

37%


PRODUCTION (1000 tonnes)

P1

Maize

P2

Cassava

P3

Banana

P4

Sugar cane


LOCATION


CURRENCY

Tanzanian shilling

(TZS)


Food & Agriculture

Organization of the

United Nations